Acne, Pimples, Zits

Acne is dominantly hormonal in nature and is caused by change in hormones which cause an increase in production of sebum (oil). This sebum along with dead skin cells blocks hair follicles. This environment is great for naturally occurring bacteria in skin to multiply, causing inflammation and acne.

Acne can present itself as comedones (black heads, white heads), red bumps, painful bumps, cysts. Typically acne is most seen on face, chest, back etc. where sebaceous glands (oil glands) are abundant.

Acne dominantly occurs from 15- 45 years of age group with a peak during teenage. It is sometimes even seen in neonates (babies) due to circulating maternal hormones.

It can get aggravated by certain conditions like
- Stress
- Hot and humid environment
- Hormonal Imbalance Conditions
- Application of oil or oil based products
- Certain oral medications

In addition to an immediate and obvious deterioration in cosmetic appearance, cystic and hard acne leaves behind scars and marks. Even picking or squeezing of acne causes more marks and scarring. It is seen that this deterioration in cosmetic appearance often leads to a lower self-esteem and lack of confidence in young patients.

Here are some helpful dos and don’ts:

DOs-
Wash your face twice a day
Remove make up before sleeping

DON'Ts
Don’t scrub or rub the face
Don’t squeeze the acne
Don’t apply oil on face or scalp
Don’t use home remedies or over the counter medicines.
Don't Stress


Treatment

A medical expert normally will generate a systematic treatment plan based on one's skin and severity of the condition.

Typical approaches include

Oral medications : Including antibiotics and vitamin A derivatives.

Topical Creams

Medical Peels / Chemical Peels : For acne as well as scars.

Comedone Removal / Extraction

Dermaroller / Micro-Needling / Dermapen : For Acne Scars

More often than not it is a combination of the above which works best.

Acne is caused by blocking of hair